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Aggregate Crushing Value Test Laboratory

Aggregate Crushing Value Test


To determine crushing strength of given aggregate sample

IS Standards used:IS-2386 Part- 4 and BS: 2009

Need and scope:This is one of the major mechanical properties required in a road stone. The test evaluates the ability of the aggregates used in road construction to withstand the stresses induced by moving vehicles in the form of crushing. With this, the aggregates should also provide sufficient resistance to crushing under the roller during construction and under rigid tyre rims of heavily loaded animal drawn vehicles. The crushing strength or aggregate crushing value of a given road aggregate is found out as per IS-2386 Part- 4. The aggregate crushing value provides a relative measure of resistance to crushing under a gradually applied compressive load. To achieve a high quality of pavement aggregate possessing low aggregate crushing value should be preferred. The aggregate crushing value of the coarse aggregates used for cement concrete pavement at surface should not exceed 30% and aggregates used for concrete other than for wearing surfaces, shall not exceed 45% as specified by Indian Standard (IS) and Indian Road Congress (IRC).

Apparatus Required:

  1. A steel cylinder of internal diameter 15.2 cm (Steel cylinder with open ends).
  2. A square base plate, plunger having a piston diameter of 15 cm.
  3. A cylindrical measure of internal diameter of 11.5 cm and height 18 cm.
  4. Steel tamping rod having diameter of 1.6 cm length 45 to 60 cm.
  5. Balance of capacity 3 kg with accuracy up to 1 gm.
  6. Compression testing machines capable of applying load of 40 tonnes at a loading rate of 4 tonnes per minute.

Experimental Procedure:

  1. The aggregate in surface-dry condition before testing and passing 12.5 mm sieve and retained on 10 mm sieve is selected.
  2. The cylindrical measure is filled by the test sample of the aggregate in three layers of approximately equal depth, each layer being tamped 25 times by the rounded end of the tamping rod.
  3. After the third layer is tamped, the aggregates at the top of the cylindrical measure are levelled off by using the tamping rod as a straight edge. Then the test sample is weighed. Let that be W1gm.
  4. Then the cylinder of test apparatus is kept on the base plate and one third of the sample from cylindrical measure is transferred into cylinder and tamped 25 times by rounded end of the tamping rod.
  5. Similarly aggregate in three layers of approximately equal depth, each layer being tamped 25 times by rounded end of the tamping rod.
  6. Then the cylinder with test sample and plunger in position is placed on compression testing machine.
  7. Load is then applied through the plunger at a uniform rate of 4 tonnes per minute until the total load is 40 tonnes and the load are released.
  8. Aggregates including the crushed position are removed from the cylinder and sieved on a 2.36mm IS sieve and material, which passes this sieve, is collected and weighed. Let this be W2 gm.
  9. The above step is repeated with second sample of the same aggregate.
  10. Then the aggregate crushing value is defined as the ratio of weight of fines passing the specified IS sieve (W2 gm) to the total weight of the sample (W1 gm)
  11. Two tests are done and the average value to the nearest whole number is reported as aggregate abrasion value.


Aggregate crushing value (%) = (W2/W1)×100

Observations and Calculation:

S. No. Total weight of dry aggregate sample (W1 gm). Weight of fines passing through 2.36mm IS Sieve (W2 gm) Aggregate Crushing Value (%) Mean Value

General remarks:


  1. What is aggregate crushing value? How would you express it?
  2. Aggregate crushing value of material A is 40 and that of B is 25. Which one is better and why?
  3. What are the recommended maximum values of aggregate crushing value for the aggregates to be used in base and surface courses of cement concrete?
  4. What is the specific standard size of aggregates? How the aggregate crushing value of non-standard size aggregate is evaluated?