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Home Electrical and Electronics Electrical To verify the Boolean expression using logic gates.
Electrical Lab Experiments

To verify the Boolean expression using logic gates.



Aim

To verify the Boolean expression using logic gates.

Apparatus Required:

Logic trainer kit, logic gates / ICs, wires.

Theory:

Logic gates are electronic circuits which perform logical functions on one or more inputs to produce one output. There are seven logic gates. When all the input combinations of a logic gate are written in a series and their corresponding outputs written along them, then this input/ output combination is called Truth Table. The following logic gates and their working are explained.

  1. AND Gate: AND gate produces an output as 1, when all its inputs are 1; otherwise the output is 0. This
  2. IC 7408
  3. OR Gate:OR gate produces an output as 1, when any or all its inputs are 1; otherwise the output is 0. This gate can have minimum 2 inputs but output is always one. Its output is 0 when all input are 0
  4. IC 7432
  5. NOT Gate:NOT gate produces the complement of its input. This gate is also called an INVERTER. It always has one input and one output. Its output is 0 when input is 1 and output is 1 when input is 0.
  6. IC 7404
  7. NAND Gate: NAND gate is actually a series of AND gate with NOT gate. If we connect the output of an AND gate to the input of a NOT gate, this combination will work as NOT-AND or NAND gate. Its output is 1 when any or all inputs are 0, otherwise output is 1.
  8. IC 7400
  9. NOR Gate: NOR gate is actually a series of OR gate with NOT gate. If we connect the output of an OR gate to the input of a NOT gate, this combination will work as NOT-OR or NOR gate. Its output is 0 when any or all inputs are 1, otherwise output is 1.
  10. IC 7402
  11. Exclusive OR (X-OR) Gate: X-OR gate produces an output as 1, when number of 1's at its inputs is odd, otherwise output is 0. It has two inputs and one output.
  12. IC 7486
  13. Exclusive NOR (X-NOR) Gate: X-NOR gate produces an output as 1, when number of 1's at its inputs is not odd, otherwise output is 0. It has two inputs and one output.
  14. IC 74266

Procedure:

  1. Connect the trainer kit to ac power supply.
  2. Connect the inputs of any one logic gate to the logic sources and its output to the logic indicator.
  3. Apply various input combinations and observe output for each one.
  4. Verify the truth table for each input/ output combination.
  5. Repeat the process for all other logic gates.
  6. Switch off the ac power supply.

Post Lab Questions

  1. Name the universal Gates?
  2. Deduce the logic of AND gate using NAND and NOR?
  3. What is the symbol of NAND gate?
  4. How many NAND gates are required to make an OR gate?
  5. How many NOR gates are required to implement a NAND gate?